Ancestry: Ancestry

HC: Hello Canada! Two versions have been digitized. The versions are textually identical, and differ in colouring only. Version 1. Version 2. (Citation: Smith, A.E. Hello Canada! Canada's Mackenzie-Papineau Battalion: 1837-1937. Toronto: Friends of the Mackenzie Papineau Battalion, [1938?].)

Beeching: Beeching, William. Canadian Volunteers: Spain, 1936-1939. Regina: Canadian Plains Research Center, 1989. 

Fond and files numbers: refer to archival files found within the Russian Centre for Preservation and Study of Contemporary Documents (RGASPI), some of which are held at Library and Archives Canada (LAC).

  • RGASPI Canadian Files: Fond 545, Opis 6, Delo 541-576 (LAC)
  • RGASPI Mac Pap historical Commission Questionaires: Fond 545, Opis 3, Delos 509, 510, 511, 512 (LAC)
  • RGASPI Russian Immigrants: Fond 545, Opis 6, Delos 1540 A, 1541 B, 1542 CD, 1543 EF, 1544 G, 1545 HI, 1546 J, 1547 K, 1548 L, 1549 M, 1550 N, 1551 O, 1552 P, 1553 R, 1554 S, 1555 T, 1556 VWZ (RGASPI)
  • RGASPI Finnish Files: Fond 545, Opis 6, Delo 1026 A-E, 1027 F-J 1028 K, 1029 L, 1030 M-O, 1031 R, 1032 S, 1033 T-Y (RGASPI)

Figueres List: List of 474 Canadian volunteers who passed through the Castillo de San Fernando in the border town of Figueres. Most crossed the Pyrenees and entered by Agullana, Massanet, and Espolla. Their names are drawn from RGASPI Fond 545, Opis 6, Delos 35 and 36, and Opis 2, Delo 303. 

Geiser: Geiser, Carl. Prisoners of the Good Fight: The Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939. Westport, CT: L. Hill, 1986. 

Hoar: Hoar, Victor (Howard, Victor) and Mac Reynolds. The Mackenzie-Papineau Battalion: The Canadian Contingent in the Spanish Civil War. Toronto: Copp Clark, 1969. 

Kraljic: Kraljic, John Peter. The Croatian Community in North America and the Spanish Civil War. Thesis, Hunter College, 2002. 

Lewis: Lewis, Greg. A Bullet Saved My Life: The Remarkable Adventures of Bob Peters, an Untold Story of the Spanish Civil War. Torfaen: Warren and Pell Publishing, 2006. 

Liversedge: Liversedge, Ronald. Mac-Pap: Memoir of a Canadian in the Spanish Civil War. Ed. David Yorke. Vancouver: New Start Books, 2013. 

McLoughlin: McLoughlin, Barry. Fighting for Republican Spain 1936-38. Cork: SelfPublishBooks, n.d.

Momryk: Myron Momryk, archivist at Library and Archives Canada (retired).

Petrou: Petrou, Michael. Renegades: Canadians in the Spanish Civil War. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 2008.

Polek: Polek, Patryk. Hurrah Revolutionaries and Polish Patriots: The Polish Communist Movement in Canada, 1918-1950. Thesis, University of Ottawa, 2012. 

Stephens: Stephens, D.P. A Memoir of the Spanish Civil War: An Armenian-Canadian in the Lincoln Battalion. St. John's: Canadian Committee on Labour History, 2000. 

Zuehlke: Zuehkle, Mark. The Gallant Cause: Canadians in the Spanish Civil War 1936-1939. Mississauga, ON: John Wiley & Sons, 1996. 

Photographs: Unless otherwise indicated, photographs are from the Mackenzie-Papineau Battalion Collection, Library and Archives Canada, accession number 1971-093 NPC.

ALBA PHOTO 011: Harry Randall: Fifteenth International Brigade Films and Photographs; ALBA PHOTO 011; 11-0123, Tamiment Library/Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives, Elmer Holmes Bobst Library, 70 Washington Square South, New York, NY 10012, New York University Libraries. 

As we continue to build our website, we will be adding more detailed information on our sources.

Members of the Mackenzie-Papineau Battalion writing and reading.

(Mackenzie-Papineau Battalion / Library and Archives Canada / e002712802)