Oskaria Huosianmaa was a Finnish-Canadian volunteer. He immigrated to Canada in 1927, and lived in northern Ontario where he worked as a lumber and railway worker. He had previously fought with the Finnish Army. In Spain, he fought with the Bittish Battalion, the Lincoln-Washington Battalion and the Mackenzie-Papineau Battalion.
Harold Gislason was a doctor from Elfrost, Saskatchewan. He survived the Spanish Civil War, and went on to serve as a medical officer for the Westminster Regiment in the Canadian Army. He died very young, in 1950.
Emeric Jack Brunner was a Hungarian who immigrated to Canada in 1926. He returned to Europe in 1930, and played football in France for six years with the Marin Athlete Club. He spoke Hungarian, French and Spanish but not English, and he did not have a strong knowledge of Canada. Colonel Kelly refused readmission to Brunner, and he was unable to return to Canada after the war.
A Finnish-Canadian volunteer who was active in the Relief Camp Workers Union, the Canadian Labour Defence League, and the Communist Party of Canada. He also participated in the On-to-Ottawa Trek. He had previously served with the Finnish Army. He was wounded in action in Spain, but survived and returned him to Canada.
Robert Lyon Dickie was a Scottish Canadian volunteer. He immigrated to Canada in 1921, and married Violet Woodman in 1928. He fought with the Mackenzie Papineau Battalion, but was taken prisoner in March 1938. He was imprisoned at San Pedro de Cardeña, where he was the contact for the Communist Party. He was released during a prisoner exchange in 1939, and returned to Canada soon after.
Read his testimony about his time in San Pedro de Cardeña
Mykhailo Emil Hyduk was a Ukrainian Canadian volunteer. He worked as a labourer and restaurant worker in Innisfree and Edmonton, Alberta. He attended college for a short time, where he studied business. He was a worker for the Communist Party of Canada and a member of the Young Communist League.
Antal Krizsan was a Hungarian Canadian volunteer. He immigrated to Canada in 1937, where he lived in Ontario for only a few months before leaving for Spain. He was killed in action at Brunete in July 1937. Within just seven months, he moved to Canada, travelled to Spain, and died fighting fascism.
Margaret Crang was a lawyer and politician who played a small but well-publicised part in the Republican effort. In 1933, at the age of 23, Crang became one of the youngest people ever elected to Edmonton City Council. Her left-wing politics took her to Europe in September 1936, where she was representing the Albertan wing of the League Against War and Fascism at the Universal Peace Conference. After the conference, she traveled to Spain, and visited milicianas at the front, where she “proudly...fired two shots for the government side” (Edmonton Journal).
Gordon Keenan and Archibald Keenan were brothers from Cumberland, British Columbia. They likely traveled to Spain together, and fought with the Mackenzie Papineau Battalion. Gordon was killed in action on July 30, 1938 during the Ebro Offensive. Archibald was wounded in action but survived. He was accused of deserting in October 1938 (around the time most International Brigades volunteers were sent home), and he returned to Canada soon after. Both brothers are commemorated with a plaque at the family cemetery plot in Cumberland.
James Cameron was a Scottish Canadian who lived in Vancouver. He was an organizer in the Fisherman’s Union. In April 1938, he was shot in the ankle, and fell behind as Republican forces were retreating. He evaded the enemy for eleven weeks, but was eventually taken prisoner and sent to San Pedro de Cardeña. He was held in five different prisons, and released in April 1940, but was not allowed to return to Canada. He eventually settled in London, after working for several years in the Merchant Marine.